The main objective of the Fusion Programme of the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM) is the development of models and the design, operation and scientific exploitation of experimental facilities which may allow the construction of fusion power plants that shall produce electric energy from nuclear reactions involving deuterium and tritium ions.
The EURATOM Specific Research and Training Programme in the Field of Nuclear Fusion Energy (the “Community Fusion Programme”) has for long-term objective the development of the commercial prototype for a fusion power-plant. Presently, this Programme is implemented through several Agreements:
- Contracts of Association signed between EURATOM and Institutions of the Member States of the European Union (EU) and Switzerland (Associates);
- The European Fusion Development Agreement (EFDA) and the Mobility Agreement, both signed by EURATOM and its Associates;
- The European Joint Undertaking for ITER and the Development of Fusion Energy (F4E), signed by EURATOM, the EU Member States and Switzerland.
- European Fusion Developement Agreement (EFDA), the mission of which is to coordinate the fusion research among the national laboratories, organize research in the field of emerging technologies and provide for the joint exploitation of the JET tokamak;
- Agreement on Promotion of Staff Mobility in the field of Controlled Thermonuclear Fusion which provides for a financial support of the exchange of scientists between associations and participation in coordination meetings of EFDA;
- JET Implementing Agreement that enables the participation of Czech scientists in the research programme of the JET tokamak;
- HPC Implementing Agreement which provides for the use of the European High Performance Computer for Fusion Applications (HPC-FF), installed at Juelich Supercomputing Centre (JSC)